Diabetic Foot Syndrome - Description and treatment

Are the cracks or scratches on your lower limbs not healing? A disease called the Diabetic Foot Syndrome may arise. This disease can also manifest itself if you are affected by neuropathy, diabetes or lower limb ischemia.

Warning:Do not use this or any other article on the internet to diagnose yourself. Only physicians can correctly diagnose patients. Do not postpone seeing your physician to resolve your health issues in time.

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Diabetic foot syndrome - description, treatment
Picture : Diabetic Foot Syndrome

Characteristics of Diabetic Foot Syndrome and its causes

Diabetic Foot Syndrome comprises infection, developing an ulcer, or destruction of deep tissue of the foot. Symptoms are tied with neurological disorders in the affected area and lower limb ischaemia.

Diabetic Foot Syndrome is most commonly found in people affected by diabetes, but also occurs in patients with ulceration, gangrene or after lower limb amputation.

In comparison with patients not affected by diabetes, patients who have diabetes show incidence of diabetic foot syndrome 17 to 50 times higher with 15 – 25% of people diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus being affected by the syndrome. Diabetic foot syndrome is a severe complication of diabetes mellitus.

Areas of common occurrence for the diabetic foot syndrome are the big toe, heel, sole of the foot and the area just before toes.

Diabetic Foot Syndrome can lead to amputation of the foot and increases mortality in diabetic patients.

40 – 70% of lower limb amputations are performed due to Diabetic Foot Syndrome. Amputation is indicated for limbs with defects that are further complicated by gangrene.

What are the main risk factors leading to this syndrome?

  • Age,
  • smoking,
  • high blood pressure
  • diabetes mellitus,
  • heredity.

Diabetic polyneuropathy (sensomotoric and auto-immune) and lower limb ischaemia (macrovascular and microvascular angiopathy) are the biggest contributing factors.

Diabetic Foot Syndrome treatment – rid yourself of the issue

The core element of dealing with the syndrome is prevention of symptom development.

Adjusting one’s lifestyle and following guidelines for diabetes therapy are both quite essential.

Special footwear for people with diabetes is recommended. It is necessary to avoid even the smallest of injuries and little wounds on the foot. Especially on the big and little toe. Taking good care of one’s feet plays a significant role in prevention of the syndrome.

Also important is regular exercise and rehabilitation.

In case of injury on the foot, various healing tools are implemented. For example, moist wound healing or physical therapy.

When infection develops, antibiotic treatment is administered. Necrotic tissue requires surgical intervention.

  • Lower limb ischemia – an obstruction disease of peripheral arteries of lower limbs.
  • Necrotic tissue – dead or devitalized tissue.

Within physical therapy Biomag low-frequency pulsed magnetic therapy plays a significant role in suppressing some symptoms of diabetic foot syndrome.  It utilises vasodilating,   analgesic and healing effects with the support of an anti-inflammatory effect to the benefit of the patient. It improves oxygenated blood circulation in the affected areas of the limb through the vasodilating effect targeting capillaries and pre-capillaries. It supresses inflammatory processes and pain, accelerates healing of damaged tissue and helps bring general relief.

Home applications are a huge convenience which allows the patient to continue intensive rehabilitation at home, out of hospital facilities.

The possibility to start treatment early in a new flare-up is also a benefit.

Magnetic therapy is not applied in cases where pain is of unknown origin.

Patented 3D Biomag pulsed therapy. How does it work?

The basic principle of 3D Biomag magnetic therapy is generating electromagnetic pulses. The generated pulses can penetrate through layers of clothing and even body tissues to the place of application. These pulses have specially developed biotropic parameters (e.g. frequency, profile, intensity), thanks to which the pulsed magnetotherapy affects various health conditions.

The term pulse magnetic therapy is most commonly used for physiotherapy using the principle of electromagnetic pulses. The abbreviation PEMF is used in order to be concise.

Patented 3D Biomag technology ensures more precise and uninterrupted pulse profiles, enhances output, and allows pulses to come from various angles.

Pulsed magnetic therapy is not meant to treat pain itself. Such treatment can only be recommended by a physician. Magnetic therapy application is used on symptoms such as pain, swelling and inflammation.

Important information

Carefully read the user guide provided by the producer and consult a physician about your health before using any medical device.

Biomag® Lumina 3D-e is an active therapeutic device – a medical device for individual use or in combination with other medical treatment and devices as a supplemental therapy within a comprehensive treatment plan.

The goal of Biomag® low frequency pulsed magnetic field therapy is to utilise its biological effects on tissue in a way that helps mitigate some symptoms. These symptoms are primarily pain, swelling, spasms, and changes in microcirculation. It also promotes healing and mitigates those symptoms that can be influenced by these effects.

Physiological changes in tissue after application of Biomag® magnetic therapy occur due to pain mitigation and vasodilation of capillaries and precapillaries, which leads to the following treatment effects:

  • pain-relieving – analgesic, reduces pain
  • healing – promoting regeneration, anti-inflammatory
    and anti-rheumatic effects
  • anti-swelling – reduces swelling (oedema)
    myorelaxing – relaxes muscles
  • vasodilating – improves microcirculation in particular
  • metabolic-detoxifying – accelerates the elimination
    of toxins and metabolites

Intended for use on intact skin through a protective layer, e.g., disposable or other sanitary pads.

When using the Biomag® Lumina 3D-e device it is necessary to follow the Principles of safety operation together with Contraindications/Indications and use it in compliance with the specified environmental requirements. Basic safety information is shown on the device display as well.

Devices and applicators of Biomag pulsed magnetic therapy are not to be used with any of the following contraindications. Not respecting these contraindications can lead to damaged health of the patient and the device operator!

If unsure whether you understand the following list of contraindications and guidelines of safe operation of the device, use these contacts. You may prevent possible issues.

  • Pregnancy
  • Pacemaker
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Menstrual bleeding
  • Tumours
  • Severe sepsis
  • Fevers
  • Active Tuberculosis
  • Mycosis in the application area
  • Seizure disorders
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Adrenal gland hyperfunction
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Disorders of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland
  • Psychoses
  • Pain of unknown origin
  • Undetermined diagnosis
  • Contradiction to treatment recommended by a physician

If you own the AL16-LUM polarised light applicator, further contraindications are:

  • Shining directly in one’s eyes (applicable in case of applying polarised light)
  • With metabolic disorders, where skin becomes photosensitive and while using photostimulating substances (applicable in case of applying polarised light)

Side effects:
While applying treatment, special caution should be paid to patients with hypertension and        hypotension (or with predisposition to it).
Individual effects and using magnetic therapy need to be judged upon particular conditions and reactions of individual patients.

In case of unexpected reaction, immediately cease application! Proceeding with application is recommended only after seeing your attending physician based on the recommended course of action.

This list of contraindications is only general. Always heed list of contraindications in the updated version of the original guide. This guide was provided to you by the        producer along with your device.